A sane mind reflects every moment and day on whether the social contract advocated by Thomas Hobbes (1651), the great philosopher of the ancient time, has been breached. This represents the plight to comport oneself as a law – abiding citizen, and as a result, deserves the sole prerogative rights to protection, provision and purity of rites, as a reward for his servitude to the territorial integrity of the land.
As every partnership agreement are parties to it, so the government and the citizens form the contractual agreement to the Hobbesian law of social contact. According to him, the contract is everlasting and monumental, so long the popular sovereign government respects the sanctity of the contract, and, thereby, provide the necessities for the citizenry.
These necessities, according to the Utilitarian School of Thought such as Jean Jacque Rousseau, should be directed towards absolute maximization of pleasure and minimization of various forms of pains. This is utmostly grounded on the principle of state of nature that an “average human being desire maximum pleasure and look for all possible ways to avert all forms of pains”.
Without much ado, one can unequivocally state that the Abiola Ajimobi led government in Oyo State, through its transportation initiative dubbed “Ajumose Shuttle” has provided a new lease of life to noble citizens, who submitted their will to the sovereignty of Oyo State sometimes ago to form the syndicate of the said social contract.
When the idea of mass transit was conceived by the Abiola Ajimobi-led administration, it had the intention of reducing the transportation problem of millions of people in the State. The initiative, which effectively checked the nimieties of commercial drivers who before then were fond of introducing ridiculous fares at any slightest opportunity.
The buses, painted in golden yellow and wine, being the newly introduced official colour of the Oyo State government, were sent to all nooks and crannies of the state, while the government also took a unique step by making the buses free for all students in the state — from both public and private schools.
Since the Transportation Scheme was launched in 2013, residents in the state, irrespective of political faith, queue in large numbers, waiting for the arrival of the “Ajumose Shuttles” at their designated bus stops.
The residents, only pay highly subsidized fare which forced the commercial drivers in the state who had been milking passengers dry by introducing prohibitive fare to reduce their fares. Even, in the face of prevailing fuel scarcity, festive periods , torrential rain, scorching of the sun, little or no impact of this is being felt.
It is important to note that the “Ajumose Shuttle”, a revolution in the transportation sector has also provided direct economic relief to citizens in the form of fare reduction, ease of transportation, employment opportunities, IGR and reduction in environmental hazard from pollution from use of over-age buses.
Obviously, the socialist -inclined project that has provided succour to the distressed constitutes the record- making legacy for Governor Abiola Ajimobi. This worthy legacy commended Ajimobi’s APC to the electorates, who in turn, voted massively for him to break the second term hex and become the first governor to be re-elected in the annals of history.
By Idowu Ayodele.
Nigeria Excluded From 2022 US Visa Lottery
Nigeria has been barred from the US visa lottery application for 2022, a document obtained from the US Government website showed.
In a 19-page document published on the website, Nigeria is the only African country barred from the visa lottery.
“For DV-2022, persons born in the following countries are not eligible to apply, because more than, 50,000 natives of these countries immigrated to the United States in the previous five years: Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China (including Hong Kong SAR), Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, United Kingdom (except Northern Ireland) and its dependent territories, and Vietnam,” the document read. “Persons born in Macau SAR and Taiwan are eligible.”
Although natives of other African countries are allowed to apply, the document explained that “persons born in the areas administered prior to June 1967 by Israel, Jordan, Syria, and Egypt are chargeable, respectively, to Israel, Jordan, Syria, and Egypt,” it said.
“Persons born in the Gaza Strip are chargeable to Egypt; persons born in the West Bank are chargeable to Jordan; persons born in the Golan Heights are chargeable to Syria.”
In the document captioned “Instructions for the 2022 diversity immigrant visa program (dv-2022),” applicants must meet certain guidelines to be eligible for the visa lottery.
“The Department of State determines selectees through a randomized computer drawing,” the statement added.
“The Department of State distributes diversity visas among six geographic regions, and no single country may receive more than seven per cent of the available DVs in any one year.”
10 Major Factors Militating Against Efficient Policing In Nigeria | By Idowu Ayodele
Though, sounds biased, however, officers and men of the Nigeria Police are one of the best in the world despite the various constraints and obstacles they face. This fact is attested to in the various awards , honours and commendations they receive anytime they are posted outside the country on peace keeping operations and other assignments.
No doubt, in the last few years , Nigerians are increasingly losing hope and confidence in the nation’s police force, especially the Special Anti-Robbery Squad, a Nigerian Police Force unit popularly known as SARS that is expected to maintain law and order as enshrined in the constitution due to unethical or unprofessional conduct of some erring officers.
However, there are some major factors hindering the efficient and excellent performance of the Police and they are as follows:
1. Inadequate funding : Sufficient funds are not always made available to the Nigeria Police to enable it meet the ever increasing challenges springing up on a daily basis to ensure an excellent policing of the country. It is a notorious fact that the budgetary allocation of the entire Police Force in 1999 before the swearing in of the democratic government was just four billion naira; an amount that was grossly insufficient and unrealistic.
2. Lack of sophisticated equipments: Policing is more often than not the efficient gathering, collation and use of intelligence. To achieve this objective, sophisticated and modern equipments coupled with monitoring devices are needed. These are not readily available to the Police.
3. Lack of adequate compensation : Policemen who are victims of attacks from armed robbers and other criminals when they are on duty. Sometimes such policemen are left to foot the hospital bills and other expenses incurred for treatment.
4. Lack of interest in the job: The job of a policeman is professional in nature. Some young men only enlist or get recruited because of lack of employment and not due to the interest they have in the job.
5. Shortage of manpower: The present number of the officers and men of the Nigeria Police is grossly inadequate to ensure an efficient policing of the country. To this end, the directive of the federal government that 40,000 men should be recruited yearly is a welcome development.
6. Training and retraining : The inadequate or lack of training and re-training of some officers and men of the Nigeria Police make them rustic and their duties boring, dull and uninteresting.
7. Posting policemen outside their states of origin: The posting of non natives outside the places where their local language is spoken could be a hindrance to an efficient performance of a policeman’s duty. This is more so if he is an investigating Police Officer. A Fulani or Hausa man posted to a police station in a remote Yoruba or Igbo area will surely be requiring the service of interpreters.
Sometimes, it is easier to police a well known terrain that one is quite familiar with.
8. Lack of promotion to the next rank: Some officers and men of the Nigeria Police have been on the same rank for ten to fifteen years without promotion. This sometimes leads to deep frustration and the tendency not to put in their best into their jobs.
9. Undue pressure from the government and other powerful individuals: On the police to find perpetrators of crimes by all means as quickly as possible sometimes put investigators on edge and lead to avoidable mistakes
10. Tribalism and other cultural and traditional influence: This has been aptly labelled ‘Na my brother syndrome ‘. The desire to protect and please kinsmen sometimes hamper policemen in the performance of their legitimate duties.
Nigeria’s GDP shrinks by 6.10 per cent
The Nigeria Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Monday revealed that the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has decreased by six percent in real terms in the second quarter of 2020.
This revelation was contained in the NBS’s GDP report.
The retreat ends a three-year trend of low but positive real growth rates recorded since the national economy emerged from recession in 2017.
According to the NBS, the decline was “largely attributable to significantly lower levels of both domestic and international economic activity during the quarter, which resulted from nationwide shutdown efforts aimed at containing the COVID-19 pandemic.”
Nigeria essentially shut down its economy in March – restricting inter-state travel, closing worship centres, schools and markets – as parts of efforts to keep the spread of the novel coronavirus under control.
“The efforts, led by both the Federal and State governments, evolved over the course of the quarter and persisted throughout,” the NBS said.
The oil sector, which accounts for a large percentage of the country’s revenues, recorded negative growth of 6.63 percent, “indicating a decrease of –13.80% points relative to the rate recorded in the corresponding quarter of 2019.”
The non-oil sector also declined by 6.05% in real terms during the second quarter.
“It was the first decline in real non-oil GDP growth rate since Q3 2017,” the NBS said.
Not a surprise
The economy’s decline did not come as a surprise to many as the coronavirus pandemic has gutted economic productivity across the world.
The report will be “negative,” Presidential aide, Tolu Ogunlesi, tweeted on Sunday. “Tomorrow we find out to what degree.”
The third-quarter results have also been projected to be negative, which will officially land the economy in a recession.
A recession is only declared after two consecutive quarterly contractions.
In May, Finance Minister, Zainab Ahmed, predicted that the country was heading towards a recession.
“On the economy, COVID-19 has resulted in the collapse in oil prices,” she said after a National Economic Summit meeting. “This will impact negatively, and the impact has already started showing on the federation’s revenues and on the foreign exchange earnings.”
Source: Channels TV
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