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12 Images Of Pharaohs That Prove Ancient Egyptians Were Black

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Narmer (Reign: ca. 2650 B.C. — 2632 B.C.) Narmer, also known as Menes, unified Upper and Lower Egypt for the first time and, therefore, founded the first dynasty of a unified Egypt.

Khasekhemwy (Reign: 18 years, ca. 2690 B.C.) Khasekhemwy ended the infighting of the second dynasty and reunited Upper and Lower Egypt after a civil war between the followers of the gods Horus and Set.

Djoser (Reign: 19 or 28 years, ca. 2670 B.C.) Djoser (also read as Djeser and Zoser) is the builder of the Step Pyramid and is believed by most Egyptologists to be the founder of the third dynasty during the Old Kingdom.

Huni (Reign: ca. 2650 B.C. – 2632 B.C.) Huni was the last pharaoh of the third dynasty during the Old Kingdom period.

 

Khufu (Reign: 2589 B.C. – 2566 B.C.) Khufu was the second pharaoh of the fourth dynasty and is generally accepted as having commissioned the building of the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

 

Khafra (Reign: 26 years, ca. 2570 B.C.) The pharaoh Khafra is the son of Khufu and built the second-largest pyramid at Giza.

 

Sahure (Reign: 2487 B.C. – 2475 B.C.)
Sahure was the second king of ancient Egypt’s fifth dynasty. Historical records and Egyptian art show that Sahure established an ancient Egyptian navy and sent a fleet to the Land of Punt and traded with cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Mentuhotep II (Reign: c. 2046 B.C. – 1995 B.C.) Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II was a pharaoh of the 11th dynasty who reigned for 51 years. During the 39th year on the throne, he reunited Egypt, thus ending the First Intermediary Period. Consequently, he is considered the first pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom.

Senusret (Reign: 1971 B.C. – 1926 B.C.) Senusret I, also Sesostris I and Senwosret I, was the second pharaoh of the 12th dynasty of Egypt. One of the most powerful kings of this dynasty, he maintained aggressive expansionist policies against Nubia and organized an expedition to a western desert oasis in the Libyan desert. Senusret I established diplomatic relations with some rulers of towns in Syria and Canaan.

Amenemhat III (Reign: c. 1860–1814 BC)
Amenemhat III, also spelled Amenemhet III, was a 12th dynasty pharaoh, whose reign is regarded as the golden age of the Middle Kingdom.

Hatshepsut (c. 1479 B.C. – 1458 B.C.)
Regarded by Egyptologists as one of the most successful pharaohs, Hatshepsut was the fifth ruler of the 18th dynasty. According to Egyptologist James Henry Breasted, she is also known as “the first great woman in history of whom we are informed.”

 

Ahmose II (Reign: 570 B.C. — 526 B.C.)
Ahmose II, or Amasis II, was a pharaoh of the 26th dynasty of Egypt, the successor of Apries at Sais. He was the last great ruler of Egypt before the Persian conquest.

 

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Source: atlantablackstar.

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Health

Every year, 1.9 million people die from tobacco-induced heart disease – Report

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tobacco responsible for 20% of deaths from coronary heart disease

 

Every year, 1.9 million people die from tobacco-induced heart disease, according to a new brief released on Tuesday by the World Health Organization, World Heart Federation and the University of Newcastle Australia ahead of World Heart Day, marked on 29 September.

This equates to one in five of all deaths from heart disease, warn the report’s authors, who urge all tobacco users to quit and avoid a heart attack, stressing that smokers are more likely to experience an acute cardiovascular event at a younger age than non-smokers.

Just a few cigarettes a day, occasional smoking, or exposure to second-hand smoke increase the risk of heart disease. But if tobacco users take immediate action and quit, then their risk of heart disease will decrease by 50% after one year of not smoking.

“Given the current level of evidence on tobacco and cardiovascular health and the health benefits of quitting smoking, failing to offer cessation services to patients with heart disease could be considered clinical malpractice or negligence. Cardiology societies should train their members in smoking cessation, as well as to promote and even drive tobacco control advocacy efforts,” said Dr Eduardo Bianco, Chair of the World Heart Federation Tobacco Expert Group.

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The brief also shows that smokeless tobacco is responsible for around 200 000 deaths from coronary heart disease per year. E-cigarettes also raise blood pressure increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Moreover, high blood pressure and heart disease increase the risk of severe COVID-19. A recent WHO survey found that among people dying of COVID-19 in Italy, 67% had high blood pressure and in Spain, 43% of people who developed COVID-19 were living with heart disease.

Governments have a responsibility to protect the health of their people and help reverse the tobacco epidemic. Making our communities smoke-free reduces the number of tobacco-related hospital admissions, which is more important than ever in the context of the current pandemic,” said Dr Vinayak Prasad, Unit Lead of the WHO No Tobacco Unit.

Tobacco control is a key element for reducing heart disease. Governments can help tobacco users quit by increasing tax on tobacco products, enforcing bans on tobacco advertising and offering services to help people give up tobacco.

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News

Nigerian physician, Funsho named one of TIME’s most influential people in the world

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TIME named Nigerian physician, Dr. Tunji Funsho to the 2020 TIME100, its annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world.

The list, now in its seventeenth year, recognizes the activism, innovation and achievement of the world’s most influential individuals.

Dr. Funsho, a cardiologist based in Lagos, Nigeria, is the first Rotary member to receive this honor for the organization’s work to eradicate polio, having played an essential role in ensuring Africa’s certification as wild polio-free in August of 2020.

“I’m honored to be recognized by TIME for my part in ensuring that no child in Africa will ever again be paralyzed by wild polio, a disease that once disabled 75,000 African children every single year,” said Dr. Funsho. “Eradicating the wild poliovirus in Africa was a team effort that required the cooperation and dedication of governments, partners, Rotary members, hundreds of thousands of health workers, and countless parents who chose to have their children vaccinated against polio.”

As the leader of Rotary’s Nigeria National PolioPlus Committee, Funsho has worked alongside Rotary members throughout the country to raise awareness about the importance of polio immunization, encouraged governments and public figures to support polio eradication, and served as a vocal leader and advocate for Rotary’s fight to end polio in Africa.

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Dr. Funsho works closely with Rotary’s partners in the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI): the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance. As a member of Nigeria’s Presidential Task Force on Polio, he has coordinated immunization and advocacy campaigns with the Minister of State for Health and the Inter-Agency Coordination Committee for Polio Eradication. He has also worked closely with the Sir Emeka Offor Foundation, the Dangote Foundation, the Traditional Leaders Council and the Federation of Muslim Women’s Association of Nigeria.

In August 2019, Nigeria reached three years without a case of wild poliovirus. Nigeria’s progress, led by Rotary, its GPEI partners and local and national governments, was the result of decades of sustained efforts, including domestic and international financing, the commitment of hundreds of thousands of health workers, and innovative strategies to immunize children who previously couldn’t be reached due to insecurity in the country’s northern states.

On 25 August, the African region was certified wild polio-free. This historic announcement means that five of the WHO’s six regions, representing more than 90 percent of the world’s population, are now free of the wild poliovirus. The virus is now endemic in just two countries, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

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Rotary’s nearly 32,000 members in Africa have played a critical role in helping the region achieve its wild polio-free status by holding events to raise funds and awareness for polio, and working with world governments and national and local leaders to secure funding and support for polio eradication.

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Politics

‘My loyalty remains with Makinde, PDP’ – Ex- Oyo deputy speaker declares

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A former Deputy Speaker and the Chairman, Oyo State House of Assembly Service Commission, Rt Hon (Dr) Musah Abdulwasi on Tuesday declared  that his loyalty remains with the Governor Seyi Makinde and the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP.

Abdulwasi said this while answering questions from journalists in Ibadan, the state capital, concerning the returning of some Unity Forum members to the All Progressives Congress, APC.

The gubernatorial candidate of the African Democratic Congress, ADC, Senator Olufemi Lanlehin, some leaders and members of the Unity Forum had returned to the APC recently.

But the Saki-born politician said he had since joined the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP under the leadership of Engineer Seyi Makinde, adding that his people in Saki West local government have been attending the PDP’s meetings and other events.

Abdulwasi who contested to be a member of the House of Representatives for Saki West, Saki East and Atisbo federal constituency under the platform of the ADC said he’s no more a member of the ADC and he has picked a membership card of the PDP in the state.

“Thank you very much for that question. My loyalty remains with our Governor, His Excellency, Engineer Seyi Makinde. My people in Saki West have been attending the People’s Democratic Party meetings and other events.

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“I’m no more a member of the ADC, I don’t know who are those that returned to the All Progressives Congress, APC as you asked. I have nothing to do with the ADC.

“I have picked up my PDP membership card. You know what that means? Engineer Seyi Makinde is my leader and the leader of my people. I’m committed to the success of this administration”, he submitted.

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